FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmail FOP County Election PAC EndorsementsThe Fraternal Order of Police Lodge #73 will conduct a news conference to announce its county endorsements for this year’s election Monday October 3rd, at 930am at 801 Court Street, Evansville, IndianaOn September 21, 2016 the Evansville FOP Lodge 73 Political Action Committee (PAC) held a Candidates Night for our local elections. We would like to thank all the candidates that attended for taking time out of their busy schedules to speak with our members, along with our friends and families.We as a membership want our endorsements to mean something, not only to the candidates, but also the public in general. That is why we selected certain races that will have a direct impact on public safety in Vanderburgh County. Those races are the Clerk of the Circuit Court, Coroner, County Council, County Commissioners, the Judges of the Superior Court, and County Clerk. While the other races are vital to the everyday workings of our local government, they do not all have a direct impact on our membership’s role in public safety. Vanderburgh County is fortunate to have so many candidates that are well qualified for these offices in this election.After hearing the candidates on September 21st, along with private interviews with the Council and Commissioner candidates, the Evansville FOP PAC is proud to endorse the following candidates:Clerk of the Circuit Court: Carla Hayden- RepublicanCoroner: Steve Lockyear- DemocratCounty Council: Joe Keifer- Republican, Ed Bassmeier- Democrat, and Mike Goeble- DemocratCounty Commissioner: Ben Shoulders- Democrat, Steven Melcher- DemocratJudges of the Superior Court: Judge Pigman and Judge D’AmourCounty Clerk: Shannon EdwardsAgain, thanks to all the candidates that attended, and we wish everyone well on November 8th.Chuck KnollFOP PAC Chairman
Funeral services were held March 8 for James F. Gaughran, 74, of North Bergen. He passed away March 5. An Army veteran of Vietnam, he was a retired worker at the North Bergen M.U.A. He was the husband of Barbara (nee Stumpf) Gaughran; father of James and his wife Michele and Bryan and his wife Marlene; brother of Thomas, Marie Mackendick and Sharon Lord; grandfather of Zoey, James and Jackson.Services arranged by the Vainieri Funeral Home, North Bergen.
The latest National Weather Service map keeps Ocean City out of range for the heaviest rainfall from the remnants of Tropical Storm Bill. The map shows about 1 inch of accumulation (expected to fall Saturday night into Sunday morning).The National Weather Service issued a flood watch in effect for 8 p.m. Saturday through 8 p.m. Sunday.Heavy rainfall associated with the remnants of Tropical Storm Bill (which made landfall in Texas earlier this week) is expected to cross over the region starting Saturday night.The NWS suggests many areas could see rainfall of 1 to 2 inches with pockets where 3 inches or more could fall.High tides on the bay side of Ocean City are at 11:54 p.m. Saturday and 12:36 p.m. Sunday.The exact track of the heaviest rain remains uncertain — though most forecasters are predicting the worst of the storm to arrive after midnight and end by 11 a.m.Some forecasts call for a return of the sun by the afternoon on Sunday (Father’s Day). Others suggest the rain could continue into the evening.If Ocean City is hit by substantial rain, residents and visitors staying on low-lying streets may want to consider moving vehicles to higher ground.
ADMINISTRATORS are in exclusive talks with a potential buyer for Birmingham baker M Firkin. They hope to sell the business as a going concern in the next few weeks. The 136-year-old firm, which has 53 shops and a central bakery, called in administrators on January 10.
A panel of independent advisors has described the potential £1.1bn takeover offer for New Britain Palm Oil (NBPO) as “fair and reasonable”.The £7.15 per share offer by rival Sime Darby will remain open until 18 December, unless it is withdrawn or extended.Payment is expected to be made on 24 December, NBPO added.Commenting today, the company said in a statement: “In assessing the merits of the offer, the independent directors of NBPO have assessed the level of cash consideration (with the assistance of the Independent Adviser’s Report) and the other terms and conditions of the offer, including the overall conditionality of the offer and the stated future intentions of Sime Darby Plantation.“The independent directors of NBPO have carefully assessed the merits of the offer and, following this assessment, the independent directors unanimously recommend, in the absence of a superior proposal, that NBPO shareholders accept the offer.”
Tedeschi Trucks Band has just announced that the group will be returning to the West Coast in the fall, with a newly announced string of dates across November. Starting on November 3rd, the group will hit Portland’s Keller Auditorium, then work their way south with shows at Seattle’s Paramount Theatre the following two nights. From there, the group has four dates spread across California that will see the group hit Santa Barbara and San Diego, with two nights at Los Angeles’ Orpheum Theatre. After detouring through to Phoenix, Arizona for a two-night stand at the city’s own Orpheum Theatre, the group will make a triumphant return to the Fox Theatre in Oakland — the venue that the group’s most recent concert film and album, Live From The Fox Oakland, was recorded. For select dates, the group will be joined by Hard Working Americans.Watch Col. Bruce Hampton And Tedeschi Trucks Band Jam On “Lovelight”Pre-sale tickets for all of Tedeschi Trucks Band’s West Coast run are available tomorrow, June 6th, at 10 a.m. local time through Tedeschi Trucks Band Tour Page. Public on-sales for the vast majority of these shows will begin on Monday, June 12th, with the exception being the Los Angeles shows at the Orpheum, which go on sale Friday, June 9th.[Photo: Chad Anderson]Tedeschi Trucks Band Upcoming Tour DatesJuly 1 – Gilford, NH – Bank of New Hampshire PavilionJuly 2 – Essex, VT (Burlington) – Midway Lawn at Champlain Valley ExpositionJuly 3 – Saratoga, NY – Saratoga Performing Arts CenterJuly 5 – Vienna, VA (DC) –Wolf TrapJuly 8 – Rochester, NY – Highland BowlJuly 9 – Simsbury, CT – Simsbury Meadows Performing Arts CenterJuly 12 – Virginia Beach, VA – Veterans United Home Loans AmphitheaterJuly 14 – Raleigh, NC – Red Hat AmphitheaterJuly 15 – Atlanta, GA – Fox TheatreJuly 16 – Charlotte, NC – Charlotte Metro Credit Union AmphitheatreJuly 19 – Indianapolis, IN – Farm Bureau Insurance LawnJuly 21 – Cincinnati, OH – PNC Pavilion at Riverbend Music CenterJuly 22 – Huber Heights, OH (Dayton) – Rose Music CenterJuly 23 – Rochester, MI (Detroit) – Meadow Brook AmphitheatreJuly 25 – Rogers, AR – Walmart Arkansas Music PavilionJuly 27 – Albuquerque, NM – Sandia CasinoJuly 29-30 – Morrison, CO – Red Rocks AmphitheatreOctober 6 – Beacon Theatre (with Greyhounds)October 7 – Beacon Theatre (An Evening With TTB)October 10 – Beacon Theatre (with The Wood Brothers)October 11 – Beacon Theatre (TTB & Friends – 25th Beacon Show Celebration)October 13 – Beacon Theatre (An Evening With TTB)October 14 – Beacon Theatre (An Evening With TTB)Nov 3* – Portland, OR – Keller AuditoriumNov 4* – Seattle, WA – Paramount TheatreNov 5 – Seattle, WA – Paramount TheatreNov 7 – Santa Barbara, CA – Arlington TheatreNov 9* – San Diego, CA – San Diego Civic TheatreNov 10* – Los Angeles, CA – Orpheum TheatreNov 11 – Los Angeles, CA – Orpheum TheatreNov 14 – Phoenix, AZ – Orpheum TheatreNov 15 – Phoenix, AZ – Orpheum TheatreNov 17* – Oakland, CA – Fox TheaterNov 18 – Oakland, CA – Fox Theater* with Hard Working Americans
Maurice Brown is celebrating his solo career with a number of concerts this summer in support of his new album The Mood. Breaking into his own soul substance, the anticipation behind his 2017 album The Mood was astronomical amongst music enthusiasts alike. This jazz juggernaut, affectionately known as “Mobetta,” has been generous with his gift for years. The world is ready to see him release his original material, and various cities across northeast and beyond will be treated to first-hand celebration.The trumpeter has been on the scene for a number of years now, with an admirable callsheet of acts he’s worked with such as Wyclef Jean, Santana, John Legend, and Santigold. His rise to recognition amongst music makers, listeners, and critics alike comes from mentorship by the iconic Wynton Marsalis. With such wisdom in the works, it was inevitable Brown would be able to compose a variety of creative endeavors for himself as well as others, notably the arrangement for the horns section of the Tedeschi Trucks Band for their Grammy award-winning album Revelator.Listen to “Stand Up” from The Mood, featuring Talib Kweli:Maurice Brown’s tour will take him and his band to Bop Stop in Cleveland on June 13, then to Bert’s Marketplace in Detroit for two nights immediately following. Mobetta will return to New York for the Harlem Arts Festival on June 24 with Marc Cary and his Short Circuit, featuring Prodigy of Mobb Deep. To celebrate July 4, Brown will be kicking the week off at the South Street Seaport, then close the celebration at the Blue Note on July 5. To cap out the month, Maurice Brown is throwing down at Martyrs with Talib Kweli, Chris Turner, and J. Ivy in Chicago. Head to his website for more information.Maurice Brown’s Summer Tour:June 13 @ Bop Stop – Cleveland, OH [tix]June 14-15 @ Bert’s – Detroit, MI [tix]June 24 @ Harlem Arts Festival – Marc Cary & Maurice Brown’s Short Circuit, Feat: Prodigy of Mobb Deep New York, NY [tix]July 4 @ South Street Seaport – New York, NY [tix]July 5 @ Blue Note – New York, NY [tix]July 28 @ Martyrs – Feat: Talib Kweli, Chris Turner, J. Ivy – Chicago, IL [tix]
Best Cover: Umphrey’s McGee – Pink Floyd’s “Shine On You Crazy Diamond”Umphrey’s McGee‘s two sets at Thursday night’s pre-party offered some of the best music played all weekend at Hulaween. Their first set was filled with classic, fan favorites, such as “40’s Theme” and”All In Time,” super-charging the crowd and prepping them for a wild second set. The band delivered the goods, with electronic-leaning songs “The Triple Wide” and “Day Nurse” offsetting the alt-metal of “Remind Me” and “The Floor.” The highlight of the set, however, was the band’s jaw-dropping cover of “Shine On You Crazy Diamond” by Pink Floyd. Led by Jake Cinninger‘s ability to re-create David Gilmour‘s iconic guitar sound, this cover is as authentic as it get, and was one of the most talked about moments of the weekend by anyone who was there.The F*ck Sh*t Up Award: Run The JewelsRun The Jewels‘ Saturday night set at Hulaween was best described by Killer Mike‘s opening statement when he and El-P took the stage to Queen’s “We Are The Champions.” After stoking the fires of competition by congratulating his University of Georgia Bulldogs on their defeat of the local University of Florida Gators earlier that day, he made their mission clear: “We’re Run The Jewels, and we’re here to fuck shit up, Suwannee!”And fuck shit up, they did: The conscious hip-hop tag team brought their high-octane live show to the Amphitheatre Stage, and damn near burned the place down. The energy was on another level from any other performer throughout the weekend. Their mix of political messaging with clever rhymes and huge beats whipped the crowd into a frenzy time and time again. Needless to say, it was one of the wildest sets of the weekend.Rookie Of The Year: SpaffordSpafford laid down two excellent sets for their debut appearance at Suwanee Hulaween. Their set at Thursday’s pre-party featured a huge “Leave The Light On”, a nasty transition from “America” into “The Reprise”, and a firey “Electric Taco Stand”. Their late night set on Saturday evening at the Spirit Lake Stage, however, was even better. Ridiculous set-opening versions of “The Postman” and “Todd’s Tots” proved to be just a warm-up, as Aron Magner of The Disco Biscuits then walked on stage, joining the band for an extended segment that took “Mind’s Unchained” into Spafford’s arrangement of “Mad World” by Tears For Fears. The impressive cover was played impeccably by Magner, who slotted right in on the keys next to Red Johnson for the standout jam of the weekend. Even Magner’s Biscuits bandmate Marc Brownstein was feeling the collab, starting an “it’s a Maaag-neeer” chant from the crowd over the band’s song-ending “it’s a maaad world” refrain.Best Tribute: String Cheese Incident – Tom Petty’s “You Wreck Me”Hulaween may be filled with tons of different music, but it certainly felt like String Cheese Incident’s festival on Saturday evening, when the band delivered three sets on the main stage, capped off by their Halloween-themed cover song spectacle. In keeping with tradition, String Cheese offered third set filled with covers by a variety of treasured artists such as Beyoncé, Stevie Wonder, Led Zeppelin, and more, hewing closely to this year’s “Night of the Loving Dead” theme–with each song containing the word “love.”The String Cheese Incident Covers Stevie Wonder, Beyoncé, Led Zeppelin, More In “Love” Set At HulaweenHowever, the most love-filled moment seemed to be the band’s cover of “You Wreck Me” by the recently-deceased Tom Petty. Petty & The Heartbreakers were natives of Gainsville, Florida, which is about seventy miles south of Suwanee. When the band jammed out of “Song In My Head” into “You Wreck Me”, it was one of the most memorable moments during the festival, giving a true nod to both Petty and the local music fans in the area and around the world who loved him.Best Suwanee Family Moment: Lettuce Late NightThe Spirit of the Suwanee Music Park is a special place to a lot of people. At this point, it’s been hosting music festivals for years, and over the years certain bands have fostered a strong bond with the local crowd and the park’s staff. Lettuce is one of those bands, having played the festival grounds countless times, including every iteration of the now-dormant Bear Creek in addition to several Hulaween’s. As such, when the band took the Amphitheatre Stage Friday night for a late night set, there was a special vibe in the air and the packed crowd went appropriately bananas. Lettuce’s set showed why they are one of the best in the game, but also why they mean so much to the fans at Suwanee.Best DJ Set: Claude Von StrokeMr. Dirtybird himself, Claude Von Stroke graced the Spirit Lake Stage for a late night set, and his set was one of the most interesting offerings of the weekend. Sticking with House and Techno music, Von Stroke offered an excellent counterpoint to acts like Bassnectar and GRiZ, and provided some of the best underground sounds of the festival.Watch Joe Russo’s Almost Dead’s Set-Closing “Shakedown Street” At HulaweenBreakthrough Performance: Tank & The BangasThis band has it. Their soulful, energetic, funny, emotional, complex performance at the Amphitheatre Stage was one of the best of the weekend. The 2:00 PM set was packed, with many making it their duty to enter the festival early to catch the winners of this year’s NPR Tiny Desk Contest. The many that made it to were rewarded with a fresh and unique live music concept that really resonated with the Hulaween crowd.EXCLUSIVE: Tarriona “Tank” Ball of Tank and the Bangas Contemplates Inspiration, Poetry, And ConfidenceTank is a star, a true front-woman who knows how to work a crowd. The Bangas really cook and know how to bob-and-weave between the musical styles that comprise their sound. This band has the potential to be a true powerhouse, and their abilities were on full display at Suwannee Hulaween.Best Visual Experience: Spirit LakeSpirit Lake, Hulaween’s visual art experience, was truly impressive. A mixture of lasers, fire-breathing metal structures, a functioning stage, a silent disco with two DJs at a time, and Incendia, a fire-spitting stage with underground electronic music ran all weekend long. There were giant images projected over the lake, and a madman with a water jetpack and a LED-covered costume putting on a show a few times throughout the weekend. The visuals were overwhelming and disorienting but in the best of ways. Kudos to Andrew Carroll for curating of one of the best art elements at any camping festival.Best Rock Performance: Portugal. The ManAmongst a sea of jam, funk, bluegrass, and electronic music, Portugal. The Man carried the torch for rock music at Hulaween. They offered up a master-class with their mind-melding sound. Their set was incredible, and they proved their reputation as one of the best live bands on the planet. [Honorable mention: Ween closing down the Amphitheatre Stage on Sunday night].Best Reason To Miss Portugal. The Man & Party Your MF Ass Off: Andy Frasco & The U.N.When it comes to a festival as packed with talent as Suwannee Hulaween, there are inevitably difficult decisions to be made. With only so many hours in a day, and multiple acts playing at the same time, you’re always going to end up missing something cool. On Sunday afternoon, Portugal. The Man played Amphitheatre set at the same time that Andy Frasco & The U.N. were scheduled on the Campground Stage, the smallest stage at the festival. But in the world of Andy Frasco, there’s no such thing as small stages–they’re just more intimate spots to stage his trademark unhinged parties.Beginning his set with just a handful of die-hards in attendance (including a crew of lovely ladies decked out in tie-dye Andy Frasco panties, whom Andy dubbed the “Panty Brigade”), Frasco proceeded to dive headfirst into rage-mode, passing joints back and forth with the crowd, chugging from a bottle of Jameson’s, and leading his crew of party animals through a ridiculous performance.From his quick-witted jokes, to the skillful soloing of his band, to his “Wookie Bar Mitzvah” (where he brought a chair into the crowd to do the Horah), to a memorable sit-in from Tauk‘s Isaac Teel (drums) and Arlic Carter (keys) featuring a big game of “freeze dance,” Frasco dissuaded any notions of leaving early to catch the end of Portugal. The Man from the moment he stepped onstage. By the time his set was finished, he had attracted a sizable crowd. Andy Frasco was born to be the life of the party, and it was impossible for anyone passing by not to stay and join the fray.Silent Disco Standout: Jody LitvackSometimes, you just gotta know how to have a good time, and that’s what Jody Litvack showed at the silent disco on Friday night. Full of funny moments and funky beats, Litvak’s disco-centric set and goofy antics were just what the doctor ordered at 3:00 AM.Storytellers Award: Greensky Bluegrass’ “Hey, Thanks, That Guy Breakdown” tribute to EDM fan who found Greensky at last year’s HulaweenGreensky shows are always heavy on the running jokes. There are several songs in their repertoire that always signal the beginning of some special shenanigans. One such song, “Broke Mountain Breakdown,” begins with dobro-master Anders Beck telling the bands fans, or “campers,” a story about how the instrumental was conceived and written. Each time it’s played, the story changes. And as the story changes, so does the “name” of the “Breakdown.”On Thursday night, Greensky Bluegrass closed down the Spirit Lake stage with a special late night performance, and the evening’s “Breakdown” was preceded by a Hulaween-specific story. Beck regaled about an EDM fan he had just met who discovered his love for bluegrass after stumbling upon Greensky’s “beautiful sounds” at Hulaween last year. As he explained, he ran into the kid this year at Suwannee, and the kid thanked him for “changing his life” with their music. So in honor of the “guy that may be walking by,” Beck thanked the new bluegrass convert with the “new” song he wrote about the interaction, dubbing it the “Hey, Thanks, That Guy Breakdown.” From there, the band matched the “beautiful sounds” of the bluegrass “Breakdown” with the “fuckin’ scary sounds” of an extended “Bring Out Your Dead” to cap one of the most memorable musical segments of the weekend.It wouldn’t surprise us in the slightest if Greensky Bluegrass’ pre-party late night set converted another new crop of bluegrass fans this year… This past weekend, musicians, artists, and costumed revelers descended on The Spirit of the Suwanee Music Park in Live Oak, Florida, for the 5th annual Suwanee Hulaween. Building off host-band String Cheese Incident‘s long-running cover-centric Halloween tradition, promoters Silver Wrapper Presents, Paul Levine, and the amazing dedicated staff at Suwanee have transformed Hulaween into one of the best festivals on the calendar. A combination of factors—the right venue (the incomparable Suwanee), time of year (fall hoodie season), holiday (Halloween), and hosts (SCI)—have allowed this festival to grow organically, and as a result, this year’s event marks the first ever sell-out at the music park, with Suwanee hosting 20,000 fans for the weekend this year.With the hype behind this festival reaching fever pitch, the team behind Hulaween delivered in a major way, with incredible music and art around every corner. To try and commemorate it all, we’ve put together another edition of our Festival Awards, focusing on all things Hulaween. See below for the results and relive the magic of Suwanee Hulaween 2017!MVP: Marco BeneventoMarco Benevento was all over Hulaween. He played two sets at the Amphitheatre Stage with Joe Russo’s Almost Dead at Thursday night’s pre-party, a set at the brand-new stage The Patch with his solo band (featuring up-and-coming bass star Karina Rykman), and then a final performance back at the Amphitheatre Stage with his batterymate Joe Russo for an ultra-rare appearance as the Benevento/Russo Duo (even more ultra-rare was Mike Gordon’s guest spot during the end of their set; more on that later). Marco was on fire on the keys for all four of his sets, and looked like he was having the time of his life. The joy that he brings to the stage is a pleasure to watch, and he inspires the musicians around him to elevate themselves—a rare combination that made him one of the more special artists at Hulaween.Best Special Guest Appearance: Mike Gordon with The Benevento/Russo DuoFor a portion of Phish’s break-up period (2004-2009), bassist Mike Gordon moved to New York City, where his path intertwined with two young musicians who were making a name for themselves in the city’s vibrant local music scene: drummer Joe Russo and keyboardist Marco Benevento. The up-and-coming pair’s ambitious improvisations meshed well with Gordon’s style, and the pair quickly invited him to sit in with their band. From that first show, a musical relationship was born. Gordon would go on to sit in with the band several times in New York, tour with them extensively as a trio in 2005, and bring them along for the ride with his Phish bandmate Trey Anastasio as the opening act for a lengthy Phil Lesh & Friends amphitheater tour in 2006, playing as G.R.A.B.Gordon and The Duo amicably split ways not long after that, and as the years went by it seemed that their paths had diverged for good—that is, until Friday evening at Hulaween. Following an incredible performance from The Benevento/Russo Duo, Joe and Marco’s drum and keyboard risers parted like the Red Sea, and the Phish bassist (who had performed with his Mike Gordon Band on that same stage just a few hours earlier) emerged between them out of a smoke machine haze. The trio blasted Hulaween into the stratosphere, with Benevento creating wild soundscapes before leading the band through “Scratchitti”–the first song on which Gordon joined The Duo more than a decade ago. It was a moment plucked out of time—one of those special, had-to-be-there, euphoric moments that can only happen at a music festival like Hulaween. As Marco remarked sincerely when the song was through, “That was very special.” And he wasn’t wrong…Best New Band Member Addition: Mike Gordon – Emily Elbert & Madi DiazFresh off his Fall solo tour, Mike Gordon brought a new-look band to his set at Suwannee Hulaween, featuring guitarist/vocalist Emily Elbert and keyboardist/vocalist Madi Diaz. The ladies stacked Gordon’s performance with a second keyboard, rhythm guitar, and expanded vocal harmonies, adding a revitalized layer of intricacy to the set, which featured tracks from OGOGO and Overstep, a fantastic version of Phish crossover “Yarmouth Road”, and a memorable cover of Aerosmith‘s “Sweet Emotion”. Mike’s newly announced winter tour dates will feature his regular touring band, but we sincerely hope that Emily and Madi return to the fold at some point in the future. That was too much fun not to try again… A very happy Halloween to one and all, and a big thank you to everyone involved–and everyone who came out to join the party–for a truly unforgettable weekend. Until next year…
Harvard achieves science-based climate goal set in 2008 Curbing carbon on campus The planet is warming at an unprecedented rate, and reducing emissions of greenhouse gases alone is not enough to remove the risk.Last year’s historic Paris climate agreement set the goal of keeping global temperatures no higher than 1.5 degrees Celsius above preindustrial levels. Emission reductions will be central to achieving that goal, but supplemental efforts can further reduce risks.One drastic idea is solar geoengineering — injecting light-reflecting sulfate aerosols into the stratosphere to cool the planet. Researchers know that large amounts of aerosols can significantly cool the planet; the effect has been observed after large volcanic eruptions. But these sulfate aerosols also carry significant risks. The biggest known risk is that they produce sulfuric acid in the stratosphere, which damages ozone. Since the ozone layer absorbs ultraviolet light from the sun, its depletion can lead to increased rates of skin cancer, eye damage, and other adverse consequences.Now, researchers from the Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) have identified an aerosol for solar geoengineering that may be able to cool the planet while simultaneously repairing ozone damage.The research is published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.“In solar geoengineering research, introducing sulfuric acid into the atmosphere has been the only idea that had any serious traction until now,” said David Keith, the Gordon McKay Professor of Applied Physics at SEAS and professor of public policy at the Harvard Kennedy School, the first author of the paper. “This research is a turning point and an important step in analyzing and reducing certain risks of solar geoengineering.”This research fundamentally rethinks what kinds of particles should be used for solar geoengineering, said Frank Keutsch, the Stonington Professor of Engineering and Atmospheric Science at SEAS and professor of chemistry and chemical biology, a co-author of the paper.Previous research focused on ways to limit the ozone-damaging reactions produced by nonreactive aerosols. But Keutsch and Keith, along with co-authors Debra Weisenstein and John Dykema, took a completely different approach, targeting aerosols that are highly reactive.“Anytime you introduce even initially unreactive surfaces into the stratosphere, you get reactions that ultimately result in ozone destruction, as they are coated with sulfuric acid,” said Keutsch. “Instead of trying to minimize the reactivity of the aerosol, we wanted a material that is highly reactive but in a way that would avoid ozone destruction.” Related In order to keep aerosols from harming the ozone, the particles would need to neutralize sulfuric, nitric, and hydrochloric acid on their surface. To find such a particle, Keutsch turned to his handy periodic table. After eliminating the toxic elements, the finicky and rare metals, the team was left with the alkali and alkaline Earth metals, which included sodium and calcium carbonate.“Essentially, we ended up with an antacid for the stratosphere,” said Keutsch.Through extensive modeling of stratospheric chemistry, the team found that calcite, a constituent of limestone, could counter ozone loss by neutralizing emissions-borne acids in the atmosphere, while also reflecting light and cooling the planet.“Calcite is one of the most common compounds found in the Earth’s crust,” said Keith. ”The amounts that would be used in a solar geoengineering application are small compared to what’s found in surface dust.”The researchers have already begun testing calcite in lab experiments that mimic stratospheric conditions. Keith and Keutsch caution that introducing anything into the atmosphere may have unanticipated consequences.“Stratospheric chemistry is complicated and we don’t understand everything about it,” Keith said. “There are ways that this approach could increase global ozone but at the same time, because of the climate dynamics in the polar regions, increase the ozone hole.”The researchers emphasize that even if all the attendant risks could be reduced to acceptable levels, solar geoengineering is not a solution to climate change.“Geoengineering is like taking painkillers,” said Keutsch. “When things are really bad, painkillers can help but they don’t address the cause of a disease and they may cause more harm than good. We really don’t know the effects of geoengineering, but that is why we’re doing this research.”The research is supported by the Fund for Innovative Climate and Engineering Research and the Star Family Challenge for Promising Scientific Research.Keith and Keutsch are among several faculty who will be part of the Harvard’s Solar Geoengineering Research Program, a University-wide, interdisciplinary research effort that will be launched in the spring. Housed within the Harvard University Center for the Environment, it will be one of the largest and most visible solar geoengineering research initiatives.
Listen to the Dan Tyminski Band here.When Alison Krauss decided to take some time off from bluegrass and tour with rocker Robert Plant, Dan Tyminski was faced with some downtime. Instead of cooling his heels, Tyminski—best known as the voice of “Man of Constant Sorrow” from the O Brother, Where Art Thou? soundtrack—called on some old friends, including Union Station mate and bassist Barry Bales, Mountain Heart mandolin picker Adam Steffey, banjo stalwart Ron Stewart, and Blue Moon Rising’s Justin Moses, to cut a record and hit the road. Wheels, the Dan Tyminski Band’s June release, entered the Billboard Bluegrass charts at #1, and the band has been getting rave reviews for their live performances.———-BRO: How does a boy from Vermont get hooked on Appalachian music?DT: I had parents who were music enthusiasts. My parents went to a lot of fiddle contests and square dances, so any time there was live bluegrass or country music around, I got to go with them to hear it. And I spent a lot of my youth traveling from festival to festival throughout the summer. I made new friends and played music. I got to do that from the time I was six years old, and I still do it when I can now.BRO: You have been an integral member of Union Station for over a decade and now you are on the road leading your own band. How are those roles different?DT: The biggest difference is that off the stage there is a lot more responsibility with caring for band members, logistics, and making sure everyone goes to where they need to be. Once I take the stage, the roles are very similar. I want to make great music with the people I am on stage with.BRO: Compared to what you do with Union Station, are you flexing any different musical muscles with your band?DT: The stuff that this band does really focuses on the heart of what bluegrass is to us. We venture in more directions than Union Station, which has lot more pop flavor there and is not quite so centered in traditional bluegrass.BRO: Tell me about recording Wheels.DT: This record was born out of the opportunity to play with these guys. It wasn’t done with any particular theme in mind; we didn’t gather songs to express any certain views or opinions. The five of us just wanted to make music. With that in mind, we tried to find songs that suited us as a combination of players that were album worthy. If we are trying to say anything, it is that this is what we think bluegrass music is to us.BRO: I know that you are an avid golfer. What is more difficult—writing a classic bluegrass tune or sticking a five iron pin high?DT: That’s funny, because I’m at the golf course right now. I’ll be teeing off in about an hour. Both of those things are very difficult, but both are immensely rewarding as well.Catch the Dan Tyminski Band at the Three Sisters Music Festival in Chattanooga, Tenn., on October 4 and at the Richmond Folk Festival in Richmond, Va., on October 10-11.Listen to the Dan Tyminski Band here.