In the Civil War, roots of carnage

first_imgWorld War I, whose guns opened fire just over a century ago, is often called the first modern large-scale war, when traditional fighting tactics gave way to the murderous innovations of industrial weaponry, including poison gas, tanks, long-range artillery, and armed aircraft. But Harvard President Drew Faust on Monday offered a different narrative.Instead, she said, it was a conflict a half century earlier and an ocean away, the American Civil War, that first pitted the infantry charge and other traditional tactics against rapidly modernizing weaponry. It was the Civil War, whose increasingly sophisticated gunfire and artillery sent men desperately digging into the earth for shelter, that pioneered trench warfare, she said. It was the Civil War, and General William Tecumseh Sherman’s March to the Sea, that expanded the fight beyond battlefields to civilians supporting the war. It was the Civil War — still the bloodiest in U.S. history — whose 750,000 dead showed the world the carnage that modern weapons could produce, and prompted governments to honor and bury the fallen in national cemeteries.In England, Faust delivered the prestigious Sir Robert Rede Lecture at the University of Cambridge’s historic Senate House. The hourlong speech drew a crowd of roughly 150 people — including more than a dozen Harvard alumni studying or teaching at Cambridge — to the neoclassical stone building completed in 1730 as a formal ceremonial venue.In an introduction, Cambridge Vice-Chancellor Sir Leszek Borysiewicz praised the “historic connection and active links” between Harvard and Cambridge’s Emmanuel College, where Faust is an honorary fellow. One historic connection between the institutions was on display at the post-lecture reception: a 17th century registration book bearing the only known signature of a 1624 Emmanuel College matriculant named John Harvard.John Harvard’s signature. Photo courtesy of University of CambridgeThe talk, the university’s oldest named lecture, was endowed in 1524 by Rede’s estate. Previous Rede lecturers have included English biologist and early evolution supporter Thomas Henry Huxley in 1883, Irish President Mary Robinson in 1996, Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao in 2009, and Nobel Prize-winning scientist and National Cancer Institute Director Harold Varmus in 2011.Faust, the Lincoln Professor of History, is an authority on the Civil War. Her 2008 book, “This Republic of Suffering,” examined the society-wide impact of the war’s dead and was a Pulitzer Prize and National Book Award finalist.In her talk, titled “Two Wars and the Long Twentieth Century: The United States 1861-65; Britain, 1914-18,” Faust drew parallels between the impact of the American Civil War on the United States and World War I on the United Kingdom. Each took a similar toll in lives: 750,000 in the Civil War versus 722,785 British in World War I. Each drew the populace into an all-out effort that prompted new ideas of citizenship and freedoms, for American blacks after the Civil War, and in expanded suffrage in Britain after World War I.Ideology played a role in both conflicts, Faust said, with nationalism and patriotism spurring enlistment. Further, when that failed to produce the needed numbers, each country embraced conscription for the first time.The American Civil War, Faust said, kicked off what could be looked at as “the long 20th Century,” inaugurating an era of strife marked not just by innovations in the tools of war, but also in newly massive “citizen” armies and advances in communications, media, and transportation.With all that firepower in play, those massive citizen armies produced massive numbers of dead. But those dead continued to change society even after their burials. Their sacrifices were honored in both nations, where national military cemeteries were created. In the United States, a major effort was undertaken to locate those buried on the battlefields, identify them, and rebury them properly. British cemeteries from World War I mingled those from different strata of England’s class-conscious society, holding firm to the principle that in death all are equal. The sacrifice of the ordinary soldier and the unknown dead was further honored by the burial of a single unidentified British soldier among the royalty in Westminster Abbey.The understanding and acceptance of the widespread sacrifice demanded by each conflict — including by women, who manned factories and farms — gave power to movements to further democratize each society afterward. The 15th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution guaranteed voting rights to black men after the Civil War. In Britain after World War I, new laws tripled the number of voters, including women for the first time.“I believe that the characteristics of modernity gripped us well before 1914, as the American Civil War introduced us to a new conception of carnage that human beings could and would inflict upon one another,” Faust said. “Humans had in one sense become cogs in the machinery of an increasingly industrialized warfare. Yet they were at the same time newly citizens and selves with bodies and names that had rights in life and in death.”Faust reflected on the human capacity to ignore or forget even devastation described by witnesses as unforgettable. Europe’s military leaders missed any lessons the Civil War might have taught, despite evidence that the conflict represented a new, deadlier kind of strife.“After Gettysburg, there should not have had to be the first day of the Somme,” Faust said, referring to the bloodiest day in British Army history, which left some 60,000 dead, wounded, or missing.Despite the assurances of remembrance that came after World War I, World War II followed short years later. Henry James, whose brother was injured in the Civil War and who moved to London and lived long enough to witness the early years of World War I, echoed the disillusionment of many when he wrote that, “Reality is a world … capable of this.”Viewed in hindsight, the wars offer parallels and contradictions that remain challenges today, Faust said.“We still live amidst these contradictions and these ironies; we still struggle with the challenges to belief and meaning that these wars represented; we still seek to understand what it might have been like to be one of those who fought or those who died,” Faust said. “These wars have in profound ways defined us and our age.”last_img read more

Shembo confirms claims

first_imgFor the first time publicly, former Notre Dame linebacker Prince Shembo confirmed he was the Irish football player involved in the Lizzy Seeberg sexual assault investigation in 2010.In the fall of 2010, Shembo’s first semester on campus, Seeberg, a Saint Mary’s student, accused a Notre Dame football player of sexually assaulting her in her dorm room. In the coming days, Seeberg reportedly received text messages from a friend of the football player that said, “Messing with Notre Dame football is a bad idea.”Seeberg committed suicide 10 days after the alleged assault and charges were never filed.Shembo’s name popped up online in relation to the investigation but was never officially connected to the alleged sexual assault.After playing four years with the Irish, Shembo is now prepping for a potential career in the NFL and said teams have asked him about the situation.“I just tell [NFL team executives] the truth, I have nothing to hide,” Shembo said to Blue and Gold Illustrated while at the NFL Combine in Indianapolis. “No one’s heard from me one time. Do you go off of one person’s story?”Shembo said he was not surprised about the questions because the allegations were a simple search away.“Everyone that does the background check can type my name in and you’ll see all the stuff that people have said about me and have never heard from my mouth,” he said.Shembo said Irish coach Brian Kelly told him he was not allowed to talk on the matter publically, despite his desire to.“My name was going to flames and it just made my name look bad and I can’t even speak,” Shembo said.Notre Dame declined to comment Sunday.Tags: football, sexual assault, Shembolast_img read more

SMC to perform ‘Gossamer’ play

first_imgThe Saint Mary’s College Theatre Program will perform the play “Gossamer” by novelist and Newberry Medal recipient Lois Lowry from Thursday to Sunday in the Little Theatre.The play follows a story of magical beings who create dreams. The loving and empathetic “littlest” dream-giver possesses a gossamer touch in giving dreams; however, the dream-giver struggles when sent to help heal a young boy named John.Katie Sullivan, director and associate professor of theatre, said the themes and storyline in “Gossamer” will make the play an enjoyable experience for the audience.“Students will enjoy the good versus evil, the notion that our dreams are gifts to us, that there are truly scary things happening in the world and that we must find through imagination, positive memories and loving relationships the courage to step past our fears and negative experiences,” she said. “It is actually a pretty deep little play by the time we come to the ending.”Sullivan said the play is true to the book, even describing mystical creatures such as the Sinisteeds, dark and terrifying dream-givers resembling horses who rip through walls, breathe fire and disappear back through the walls, leaving only scorch marks.“It’s a challenge to get this on the stage in a manner that is doable but yet conveys the fright and the power that they bring to the story,” she said.Sullivan said stories involving the blurring of fantasy and reality were not foreign to the students working in the production.“College students these days have grown up on “Harry Potter,” for instance, and understand and appreciate the existence of other places, non-human characters, different rules that govern these worlds,” she said.Maria Welser, a junior portraying John in the production, said she enjoys getting the opportunity to relive childhood.“I get to be a kid again, and not just any kid. I think John has a lot of swagger and maybe that’s just me, but he’s also best friends with a dog named Toby,” she said. “It’s so fun to just play around and act like a little kid. We as adults don’t really get the chance to do that. Kids get the chance to be anything they want to be.”On a serious note, this play creates a great opportunity to shed light on child abuse, she said.“John comes from an abusive family, and I think it’s nice to give a voice to children from less fortunate households,” Welser said.Song-eun Ma, an exchange student from Korea playing the character “Littlest One,” said preparing for the show has been enjoyable due to a close-knit cast.“They are literally my energy source,” Ma said. “They make me so happy the whole rehearsal time.”Sullivan said Saint Mary’s provides theater students exposure to a variety of plays in both contemporary and classical genres.“Our students need experience at working with elevated language like verse, such as in Shakespeare’s iambic pentameter,” she said. “We put on “Henry V” last spring and the Greek comedy “Lysistrata” a couple of years before that.“We also like to produce plays written by women, such as this one was, as we are at women’s college and want to educate our women, both theatre students and the student audience, with playwrights, issues, concerns, that do or will involve them in their lifetimes as women.”Tags: Gossamer, Little Theatre, Lois Lowry, saint mary’s, SMC, Theatrelast_img read more

Residence life calls for women to transfer to Pangborn in preparation for new women’s dorm

first_imgStarting next year, Pangborn Hall will serve as interim housing for undergraduate women before they transition to the new women’s dorm opening in the fall of 2020, Heather Rakoczy Russell, associate vice president for Residential Life, announced in a statement Friday.“Residential Life is seeking at least 30 current undergraduate women [rising seniors, juniors and sophomores] who would choose to transfer to Pangborn for 2019-2020, and then we would assign another 70 new students — incoming first-year and transfer students — to round out the community,” Russell said in the statement.Joseph Han | The Observer Moving these students into Pangborn will both ease overcrowding in women’s halls and prepare a community for the new dorm, Russell said. Pangborn is anticipated to hold anywhere from 100 to 131 residents. However, the dorm’s full capacity is 182 students.“At this time, we have a bit of an overcrowding problem on the women’s side,” Russell said. “The way it manifested itself this past academic year is that we had a waitlist for [both women and men] … who needed housing.”While Pangborn will be a temporary home for its residents, Breyan Tornifolio, director of residential life for rector recruitment and hiring, said it is important to recognize the community as a new and permanent hall of Notre Dame.“There will be welcome weekend, there will be hall council — it will function as a hall,” Tornifolio said. “So, women who might be looking for a fresh start, who want to take some leadership roles, this is their opportunity.”Amanda Springstead, current rector of Howard Hall, will serve as the rector for the new community beginning next year.“I am honored to be trusted with stewarding this new community,” Springstead said in an email to Howard Hall residents Sunday. “And I am excited to see what gifts and joys the next few years will hold.”Tornifolio said the new hall represents an opportunity to help build a community from scratch.“I think that we have visionaries on our campus who are going to jump at that chance to be able to create something,” Tornifolio said.Russell echoed these sentiments in her assessment of the new community’s future.“The women who will be attracted to this are perhaps some of those who aren’t having a positive experience in their current hall,” Russell said. “But it also might be some people who are pioneers, who are looking for an adventure and want to be the first to start something”Russell said residential life is offering several incentives to women to transfer into the dorm. The first 10 seniors who apply to transfer, as well as resident assistants, are guaranteed singles. The first 10 juniors who apply are also guaranteed singles, and the first 10 sophomores who apply are guaranteed housing. The $500 per-semester fee for all singles will be waived for students who choose to transfer to Pangborn, she said.The lottery number for room picks will be “tied to application order,” Russell said in the statement.Pangborn is expected to offer 15 doubles as singles for seniors, 10 additional singles, 40 doubles, three two-room quads, two three-room quads, two two-room triples as well as study rooms, a fitness area and community space.Jonathan Retartha, director of residential life for housing operations, said students should act quickly in order to secure a spot.“We would encourage women who are interested to act fast,” Retartha said. “We’re not filling this building, we’re not trying to cram it full. Pangborn is not a huge space. It’s a limited number of spots and we’re excited for the response that we think we’re going to get.”Students who want to transfer into Pangborn can apply in the Home Under the Dome portal starting Feb. 11.Tags: new women’s hall, Pangborn, Pangborn Hall, residential lifelast_img read more

Strange critter

first_imgBy Mike IsbellUniversity of GeorgiaIt was one of the strangest animals I’d ever seen. And I didn’tknow what to call it except a worm. But it was unlike any wormI’d seen before.That was many, many years ago. I haven’t seen one since. I hadn’teven thought of it again — until today.Today, a caller from Hogansville said, “Mike, I was out in myyard and I found some kind of earthworm with a head!””Earthworms don’t have heads,” I said. “Are you sure it’s anearthworm?””Well, no, I’m not sure it’s an earthworm,” she answered. “Myneighbor said it was some kind of a snake. But it doesn’t looklike a snake to me. It looks like an earthworm with a head.”Oh, yeah, the ‘worm’Suddenly, I recalled the “worm” I’d found under a large, flatrock near Hillabahatchee Creek many years ago. “Does it have twodark streaks running down its back? And is it covered in slime?”I asked.”Yes, it has two streaks and it’s very slimy.””And does it have a flat head, kind of like a shovel, that itwaves back and forth?””Yes, it does!” she answered.”Then I know what it is,” I said. “It’s a type of flatworm.”Land planariansThese free-living flatworms are known as land planarians(Bipalium kewense Moseley). They’re of no economicimportance, which basically means they’re just out there. Theydon’t hurt anybody.They feed on earthworms and other small animals, alive or dead,including other land planarians. And they avoid light. They’reattracted to moist areas like under rocks and debris.It’s a strange little creature, according to University ofFlorida scientist Paul Choate in a university publication and Website. The planarian’s mouth has to double as its anus, since itdoesn’t have an anus. You think I’m kidding, right? But it’strue. I imagine that might make it a bit ill-tempered.It reproduces mainly by pinching off the tip of its tail, whichforms a new head in a week or so. But it lays eggs, too. I’m notmaking this stuff up.Own worst enemyIts slimy secretions apparently don’t taste good. Hardly anyother animals eat them. In fact, about the only thing that willeat it is another planarian. So it really is its own worst enemy.The waving head, which makes it look like a tiny cobra in frontof a snake charmer — well, that’s the way the planarian teststhe environment. It has chemical sensors under its head.What’s it testing for?Darned if I know.(Mike Isbell is the Heard County Extension Coordinator withthe University of Georgia College of Agricultural andEnvironmental Sciences.)last_img read more

Americans, Chinese love pecans

first_imgAs the holiday season approaches, many American home bakers will be looking for Georgia pecans to add to pies, casseroles or cookies. They won’t be the only ones. Chinese consumers will be buying, too.“It varies, but last year Georgia growers sold close to 50 percent of their pecan crop to China,” said Greg Fonsah, an economist with the University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences. “The Chinese high demand for pecans has not significantly impacted prices nationally. But it is likely that individual growers and perhaps some states may take advantage of the Chinese demand and improve their profit margins.”Wholesale prices for pecans vary from market to market and from cultivar to cultivar. In Los Angeles, for example, pecans from Alabama, Georgia and Texas are going for between $1.15 and $1.20 per pound, Fonsah said. In New York, Georgia pecans are being sold wholesale for a $2.10 per pound. Setting pricesMost of Georgia’s crop comes from improved varieties, which bring higher prices than native and seedling nuts. Fonsah says several factors tie into the price of pecans.“For instance, a cultivar like Desirable might command better prices than Sumner in one area and vice versa,” he said. “Also, some states might get better prices than others depending on quality, overall cosmetic appearance, negotiation skills of the grower and targeted markets.”In 2008, Florida growers got $1.84 per pound for their nuts, compared to the $1.47 per pound Georgia growers received, he said. But in 2007, Georgia growers got $1.06 per pound and Florida nuts sold for 96 cents per pound on average.Georgia battles with Texas over the No. 1 spot in pecan production. “Georgia may still be No. 1, but when we get hit with low production due to disease and drought or in ‘off’ years, Texas is No. 1,” he said. “This is an ‘on’ year for pecans, though.” Economics of nutsGeorgia growers will harvest an estimated 90 million pounds of pecans this year, or 29 percent more than last. Nationally, production is up 59 percent, Fonsah said.“This will definitely affect overall prices,” he said. “The price of nuts is lower during a good production year and higher during a bad production year. Volume has a direct impact on prices, and since pecans have an alternate-bearing pattern, this helps fluctuate the prices.”That’s simple supply and demand economics.Buyers who sell to the gift-box market get the highest prices for pecans and other nuts, said CAES agricultural economist Wojciech Florkowski.“These are always the best quality nuts in terms of kernel size and color,” he said.He says the current economic situation in the U.S. will also affect pecan sales this holiday season.“The demand for pecans and nuts in general will be affected by household incomes,” Florkowski said. “Incomes have declined as compared to previous years, but older consumers are continuing to buy nuts with their health benefits in mind.”last_img read more

Route 2 Moretown/Middlesex Bridge Now Open

first_imgRoute 2 Moretown/Middlesex Bridge Now OpenMONTPELIER (August 28, 2008) The Vermont Agency of Transportation (VTrans) today opened a one-lane temporary bridge along Route 2 that spans the Winooski River and connects the towns of Middlesex and Moretown.The temporary bridge was installed following the May 30 closure of an 80-year-old truss bridge that was deemed unsafe after an inspection. Transportation crews removed the old bridge, and in its place erected a one-lane temporary bridge that will remain in place until a new, permanent bridge can be constructed.Because the temporary bridge is only one lane, a traffic light was installed to safely allow traffic flow in both directions. The bridge officially opened to traffic at 12:30 p.m.The temporary bridge, originally scheduled to open on Labor Day, was opened to traffic four days early.”We understood how important this bridge is to not only the local communities, but for east-west mobility for all Vermont motorists,” said VTrans Secretary David Dill. “Crews worked extremely hard and did a marvelous job so we could reopen Route 2 in time for the upcoming holiday weekend.”VTrams closed the bridge following an inspection which determined that a primary structural member along the bridge’s bottom deteriorated to the point that it is no longer safe for public use.last_img read more

Gobernador Wolf: 11 años a $7.25. Los trabajadores de Pennsylvania merecen un aumento

first_img SHARE Email Facebook Twitter July 24, 2020 Economy,  Español,  Minimum Wage,  Press Release Hoy se cumple el 11° aniversario del último aumento del salario mínimo en Pennsylvania. El piso salarial del estado se ha quedado estancado en $7.25 desde el 24 de julio de 2009, cuando el gobierno federal, no el estado, aumentó el salario mínimo. Dado que tantos trabajadores luchan por sobrevivir, especialmente los trabajadores esenciales que brindan servicios vitales durante la pandemia, el Gobernador Tom Wolf hizo un llamamiento a la Asamblea General para que finalmente aumente el salario.“La fecha de hoy es un triste recordatorio de que en todo el estado muchos trabajadores son remunerados con salarios de pobreza porque Pennsylvania no ha aumentado el salario mínimo en más de una década. Muchos de ellos son trabajadores esenciales, quienes durante la pandemia de COVID-19 se han puesto a trabajar y se arriesgan para prestar los servicios en los que todos confiamos.“Mientras que esas personas tan dedicadas se quedan atrás, otros 29 estados, incluidos todos nuestros vecinos, han aumentado el salario de sus trabajadores. Es ridículo que un residente de Pennsylvania gane menos por el mismo trabajo que alguien en West Virginia, Ohio o New York. A los habitantes de Pennsylvania se los conoce por su tremenda ética laboral, pero muchos de ellos, especialmente nuestros trabajadores esenciales, no pueden afrontar el pago de sus necesidades básicas. Eso debe ser inaceptable para todos nosotros.“Once años es demasiado para que las personas trabajadoras, sin importar la edad, tengan que luchar contra los salarios bajos. Ahora más que nunca, es hora de que la Asamblea General los escuche. Es hora de aumentar el salario mínimo de Pennsylvania”.View this information in English.center_img Gobernador Wolf: 11 años a $7.25. Los trabajadores de Pennsylvania merecen un aumentolast_img read more

The unrivalled views and design helped attract top price for this home

first_img30 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly.AN INDOOROOPILLY property that sold for a whopping $2.2 million has been described as “far superior” to most other homes around it.McGrath Estate Agents – Paddington selling agent Alex Jordan sold the property at 30 Meiers Rd on June 1. More from newsDigital inspection tool proves a property boon for REA website3 Apr 2020The Camira homestead where kids roamed free28 May 201930 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly.Mr Jordan said the median price for the Long Pocket precinct of Indooroopilly was $1.8 million.“This home is much better than average and is far superior to most other homes that surround it,” he said. 30 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly.Mr Jordan said a family with young children at St Peters Lutheran College bought the property.He said in this pocket of Indooroopilly stock had always been tight with strong buyer demand. “This is partly due to the area being made up of homes on large blocks (no units or townhouses), tucked in between the Brisbane River, Indooroopilly Golf Club and St Lucia Golf Links,” he said.“This property is one of the most elevated blocks in the area, on over 1000sq m,” he said.center_img 30 Meiers Road, Indooroopilly.The five-bedroom, four-bathroom home was innovatively designed by Fergus Johnstone and never to be built out.last_img read more

House proves its family home status

first_imgBut it is outside this Queenslander really shines, with a spacious deck and entertainers pavilion.Mr Bird said they had made a few changes to the home — installing internal stairs, adding airconditioning in some rooms and sourcing antique oil lamps for lighting — but had tried to be sympathetic to the home’s old world charm.He said his fondest memories would be seeing the family gathered in the open-plan kitchen and lounge area for Christmas, or on the deck for a birthday barbecue.“I sometimes look around the house and think, it has been such a privilege to live here,” he said.The house is being marketed by Leigh Kortlang at Ray White – Ascot. 194 Bonney Ave, Clayfield, is full of character features“It was the first house we had where all of the children were able to have their own room,” Mr Bird said.“They (the twins and triplets) are two years apart and as they got older, the downstairs area was really good as they had their own space.”Wonga Villa was built at 194 Bonney Avenue at Clayfield in the early 1900s. Character features remain in abundance throughout the house, which sits on a 771sq m block.The journey back in time begins as you step through the front gate, and enter an established tropical garden overlooked by wide verandas.Stairs lead on to the wide veranda and in to a central hallway which gives direct access to two large bedrooms and a lounge and formal dining room of “ballroom proportions”. It is here that two marble fireplaces take centre stage. There is no shortage of charm in the main living spaceMore from newsParks and wildlife the new lust-haves post coronavirus17 hours agoNoosa’s best beachfront penthouse is about to hit the market17 hours agoA modern but character-filled kitchen overlooks an informal family room with ornate cedar fireplace and a spectacular tree-lined, private entertaining area. PATRICIA and Peter Bird’s grand colonial Queenslander has well and truly proven its worth as a family home.The couple bought Wonga Villa in Clayfield in 2001 and raised their five children — one set of twins and one set of triplets.But the kids, now adults, have flown the nest and it is time to downsize.center_img And the large spacious bedroom have been restoredOutside, there is a separate entertainers pavilion and a sauna on the main rear deck. The kitchen retains many character features but has been given a modern touchA further bedroom, study, two bathrooms and a sauna complete the upper level. On the downstairs level, there is an open-plan rumpus, kitchen, dining and living space, a third bathroom and four more spacious bedrooms. There is also a separate entrance further opening up the possibilities for Wonga Villa.last_img read more